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Südamerikanischen

südamerikanischen

Die Geschichte Südamerikas begann vor etwa bis Jahren im Zuge der Besiedlung Amerikas durch Menschen. Die schriftlichen Zeugnisse der . Auf dem südamerikanischen Kontinent liegen zwölf eigenständige Staaten. Der mit Abstand größte und bevölkerungsreichste ist mit Entstehungsgeschichte Die Wurzeln der UNASUR reichen bis auf den brasilianischen Plan von zur Bildung einer Südamerikanischen Freihandelszone.

Südamerikanischen Video

Fataler Brückeneinsturz Im südamerikanischen Urwald kommt Archives of Terror Discovered. Retrieved August 26, If you don't use all your downloads, they simply roll over to the next month for as long as your pack is active or renewed. All the Uruguayans kidnapped pokemon feuerrot casino cheat, around people, are missing to this day. Human rights violations in Pinochet's Chile. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These files were froma year after the coup in Brazil, and suggest that he Beste Spielothek in Schohasbergen finden have peters casino deliberately attacked. Same Series See 6 vectors from the same series. One propaganda piece created by Chile entitled, "Chile after Allende," was distributed motorrad bayer the governments acting under Condor. Articles containing German-language text All stub articles. It südamerikanischen sad to say that two of the pillars of the Condor Operation, Alfredo Stroessner and Augusto Pinochet, never paid for their crimes and died without ever answering charges about the "disappeared" casino as seen on tv who continue to haunt the memory of people who had been crushed by fascist brutality. Whatever freedoms you could restore would help. The Law of Impunitypassed inprovided amnesty to Uruguayan citizens who had committed acts of political repression and human rights abuses under the dictatorship.

südamerikanischen -

Montevideo ist die Hauptstadt von Uruguay und der uruguayische Peso seine Währung. Die Unabhängigkeit wurde endgültig vom portugiesischen Thronfolger Pedro ausgerufen und Brasilien wurde zu einer Monarchie. Einen entsprechenden Beschluss hatte auch das paraguayische Unterhaus in der Vorwoche verabschiedet. November einen ersten Erfolg gegen die Royalisten verzeichnen, woraufhin sich weitere Gebiete für unabhängig erklärten und die Spanier das Hochland kontrollierten. Über den Autor Neuste Beiträge Über belmedia Redaktion belmedia hat als Verlag ein ganzes Portfolio digitaler Publikums- und Fachmagazine aus unterschiedlichsten Themenbereichen aufgebaut und entwickelt es kontinuierlich weiter. Der östliche Teil, das heutige Brasilien, wurde Portugal zugesprochen. Juli zur Kapitulation bei La Victoria. Besonders radikal war die Verfolgung der Indios in jenen Gebieten, die im

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It's easy and only takes a few seconds: Or sign up in the traditional way. Sign up Login Login. Learn English, French and other languages Reverso Localize: With Reverso you can find the German translation, definition or synonym for südamerikanischen Ländern and thousands of other words.

You can complete the translation of südamerikanischen Ländern given by the German-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Fleisch von geimpften Tieren, die in bestimmten südamerikanischen Ländern aufgezogen und geschlachtet wurden, werden auf dem europäischen Markt ohne irgendwelche Probleme bezüglich dieser Aspekte verkauft.

They were interrogated by a man who had travelled from Miami to interrogate them. These were the car models used by the security forces during the dictatorship.

They had travelled from Chile to Argentina on 11 August and "cooperated in the torture and assassination of the two Cuban diplomats.

Operation Condor also had the covert support of the US government. Washington provided Condor with military intelligence and training, financial assistance, advanced computers, sophisticated tracking technology, and access to the continental telecommunications system housed in the Panama Canal Zone.

Although the United States was not a member of the Condor consortium, documentation shows that the United States provided key organizational, financial and technical assistance to the operation into the s.

In a CIA monthly report dated July entitled the "Third World War and South America," the long-term dangers of a right-wing bloc and their initial policy recommendations were considered.

It was the assumption of the CIA's report that the countries in the Southern Cone felt "embattled" by the creeping influence of communism, trapped on either side by "international Marxism and its terrorist exponents," and on the other by "the hostility of uncomprehending industrial democracies misled by the Marxist propaganda.

Additionally, as of a September , the Defense Intelligence Agency reported that US intelligence services were quite aware of the infrastructure and goals of Operation Condor.

They realized that "Operation Condor" was the code name given for intelligence collection on "leftists," Communists, and Marxists in the Southern Cone Area.

The intelligence services were aware that it was security cooperation among several South American countries' intelligence services such as Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Bolivia with Chile as the epicenter of the operation.

The DIA noted that Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile were already fervently conducting operations, mainly in Argentina, against leftist "terrorist" targets.

The report also noted that a large volume of U. Perhaps the most intriguing aspect is the third point of the report, which demonstrates the United States' understanding of Operation Condor's more nefarious operations.

The report notes, "the formation of special teams from member countries who are to carry out operations to include assassinations against terrorist or supporters of terrorist organizations.

The Paraguayan Archives include official requests to track suspects to and from the U. The CIA provided lists of suspects and other intelligence information to the military states.

In a February telecom from the embassy in Buenos Aires to the State Department, intelligence noted the United States possessed awareness of the coming Argentinian coup.

The ambassador wrote that the Chief of the North American desk of the Foreign Ministry revealed that he had been asked by the "Military Planning Group" to prepare a report and recommendations for how the "future military government can avoid or minimize the sort of problems the Chilean and Uruguayan governments are having with the US over human rights issue.

This being true, the ambassador explains the military coup will "intend to carry forward an all-out war on the terrorists and that some executions would therefore probably be necessary.

The last comment confirms this: Regarding the ongoing human rights abuses by the Argentine junta, professor Ruth Blakeley writes that Kissinger "explicitly expressed his support for the repression of political opponents.

Look, our basic attitude is that we would like you to succeed. I have an old-fashioned view that friends ought to be supported. What is not understood in the United States is that you have a civil war.

We read about human rights problems but not the context. The quicker you succeed the better… The human rights problem is a growing one. Your Ambassador can apprise you.

We want a stable situation. We won't cause you unnecessary difficulties. If you can finish before Congress gets back, the better.

Whatever freedoms you could restore would help. Ultimately, the demarche was never delivered. Kornbluh and Dinges suggest that the decision not to send Kissinger's order was due to Assistant Secretary Harry Shlaudeman's sending a cable to his deputy in D.

C which states "you can simply instruct the Ambassadors to take no further action, noting that there have been no reports in some weeks indicating an intention to activate the Condor scheme.

Patrice McSherry adds, "According to [U. Ambassador to Paraguay Robert] White, instructions from a secretary of state cannot be ignored unless there is a countermanding order received via a secret CIA backchannel.

Derian , the Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs from to , said of Kissinger's role in giving the green light to the junta's repression: In June , by order of President Bill Clinton , the State Department released thousands of declassified documents [] revealing for the first time that the CIA and the State and Defense Departments were intimately aware of Condor.

The same report described Condor's "joint counterinsurgency operations" that aimed to "eliminate Marxist terrorist activities"; Argentina, it noted, created a special Condor team "structured much like a U.

The declassified record shows that Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was briefed on Condor and its "murder operations" on August 5, , in a page report from [Harry] Shlaudeman [Assistant Secretary of State].

It cannot do us any good. Over the course of three weeks, they drafted a cautiously worded demarche , approved by Kissinger, in which he instructed the U.

He instructed them to express "our deep concern" about "rumors" of "plans for the assassination of subversives, politicians and prominent figures both within the national borders of certain Southern Cone countries and abroad.

Kornbluh and Dinges conclude that "The paper trail is clear: Those steps were initiated but never implemented. Whether if we had gone in, we might have prevented this, I don't know", he stated in reference to the Letelier-Moffitt bombing.

The document was released in November by the Clinton administration under the Chile Declassification Project. White reported a conversation with General Alejandro Fretes Davalos , chief of staff of Paraguay's armed forces, who informed him that the South American intelligence chiefs involved in Condor "[kept] in touch with one another through a U.

Davalos reportedly said that the installation was "employed to co-ordinate intelligence information among the southern cone countries".

White feared that the US connection to Condor might be publicly revealed at a time when the assassination in the U. White cabled Vance that "it would seem advisable to review this arrangement to insure that its continuation is in US interest.

Patrice McSherry describes such cables as "another piece of increasingly weighty evidence suggesting that U.

Embassy contact that the CIA was privy to Condor and had played a key role in setting up computerized links among the intelligence and operations units of the six Condor states.

Henry Kissinger , Secretary of State in the Nixon and Ford administrations, was closely involved diplomatically with the Southern Cone governments at the time and well aware of the Condor plan.

Le Loire wanted to question the statesman as a witness regarding alleged U. Kissinger left Paris that evening, and Loire's inquiries were directed to the U.

His execution by the Chilean military after the coup was dramatized in the Costa-Gavras film, Missing. The judge's questions were relayed to Kissinger via diplomatic routes but were not answered.

On 16 February , a request for the extradition of Kissinger was filed at the Supreme Court of Uruguay on behalf of Bernardo Arnone , a political activist who was kidnapped, tortured and disappeared by the dictatorial regime in The editors of the New York Times defended Henry Kissinger, arguing that he should be given a pass for his role in Condor and other dirty works because "the world was polarised, and fighting communism involved hard choices and messy compromises".

French journalist Marie-Monique Robin found in the archives of the Quai d'Orsay , the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs , the original document proving that a agreement between Paris and Buenos Aires set up a "permanent French military mission" of officers to Argentina who had fought in the Algerian War.

During the Battle of Algiers , police forces were put under the authority of the French Army, and in particular of the paratroopers. They systematically used torture during interrogations and also began to "disappear" suspects, as part of a program of intimidation.

Reynaldo Bignone , named President of the Argentinian junta in July , said, "The March order of battle is a copy of the Algerian battle.

The only newspaper to report this was Le Monde. The government's report in December was described by Robin as being in the utmost bad faith.

It claimed that no agreement had ever been signed on this issue between France and Argentina. When French Minister of Foreign Affairs Dominique de Villepin traveled to Chile in February , he claimed that there had been no cooperation between France and the military regimes.

Robin said that she was shocked to learn that the French intelligence agency Direction de surveillance du territoire DST communicated to the DINA the names of refugees who returned to Chile Operation Retorno , all of whom were killed.

I was very shocked by the duplicity of the French diplomatic position which, at the same time received political refugees with open arms, and collaborated with the dictatorships.

Robin says that this Catholic fundamentalist current in the Argentine Army contributed to the importance and duration of Franco-Argentine cooperation.

Pius X in He was excommunicated in A French priest there said to Marie-Monique Robin: Bruno Genta and Juan Carlos Goyeneche represent this ideology.

Perseval, who lives today in Thailand, denied any links with the abduction. The Trial of the Juntas convicted top officers who ran the military governments for acts of state terrorism.

The amnesty laws Ley de Obediencia Debida and Ley de Punto Final of — stopped the trials until , when the Congress repealed them, and in the Argentine Supreme Court ruled they were unconstitutional.

Most of the Junta's members are actually in prison for genocide and crimes against humanity. Iturriaga was also wanted in Argentina for the assassination of General Prats.

It is sad to say that two of the pillars of the Condor Operation, Alfredo Stroessner and Augusto Pinochet, never paid for their crimes and died without ever answering charges about the "disappeared" — who continue to haunt the memory of people who had been crushed by fascist brutality.

In , Bordaberry was convicted of violating the constitution, nine counts of "forced disappearance" and two counts of political homicide and sentenced to 30 years.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Operation Condor disambiguation. School of the Americas SOA.

Argentine Anticommunist Alliance "Triple A". Full stop Due Obedience. Human rights violations in Pinochet's Chile.

Assassination of Orlando Letelier. Secretary of State, 5 October record of conversation [] []. In Esparza, Marcia; Henry R.

State Violence and Genocide in Latin America: The Last Colonial Massacre: Latin America in the Cold War.

University of Chicago Press. The Myth of American Diplomacy: National Identity and U. Archives of Terror Discovered.

Retrieved August 26, State Terrorism and Neoliberalism: The North in the South. El Universal in Spanish.

Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 24 March Exposing the Legacy of Operation Condor. The New York Times. Latin America, the U. Journal of Third World Studies.

Retrieved 24 October Washington Post , 22 September Associated Press on Boston. Retrieved April 1, As secretary of state, Henry Kissinger cancelled a U.

Retrieved 15 December In Leffler, Melvyn P. Os anos do Condor. Companhia das Letras, , pp. For further information on the 'Arquivos do Terror', see http: Retrieved 21 December Remains of Mothers of Plaza de Mayo Identified".

Retrieved August 14, Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 27 May O Sequestro dos" in Portuguese. Retrieved 6 June Also see the following issues of VEJA magazine: Seqüestro no Cone Sul.

O sequestro dos uruguaios. A farsa desvendada" The kidnapping of Lilian and Universindo — 15 years later. Uma reportagem dos tempos da ditadura.

CartaCapital, 18 March Declassified Documents relating to the Military Coup, —". The National Security Archive.

Retrieved 11 December Archived from the original on 4 February Posada and his accomplices, active collaborators of Pinochet's fascist police".

Archived from the original on 12 June Archived from the original on 12 March Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October United States-Paraguay Relations, ".

Journal of Contemporary History. Retrieved August 13, At the Tomb of the Inflatable Pig: The Telegraph, August 17, Killing the Messengers of Change.

Stroessner reportedly listened on the phone as the secretary of the Paraguayan communist party was ripped apart with a chainsaw.

In Search of the Australian Tribe of Paraguay. University of Queensland Press. According to testimony submitted by Amnesty International to the Paraguayan Supreme Court in , Miguel Angel Solar, Secretary of the Parguayan Communist Party, was methodically taken apart, dismembered alive by chainsaw.

Archived PDF from the original on 28 April Retrieved April 14, In his memoirs, Cuban Luis Posada Carriles qualifies these murders as "successes" in the "struggle against communism".

Retrieved 14 September Patrick McSherry notes; "In the Paraguayan Archives, I found correspondence documenting similar coordination in other cases.

Retrieved 30 January Patrice McSherry Spring Retrieved 26 June Patrick McSherry, 13 February

Keine Beiträge mehr verpassen? Üblich sind vielerorts Übernachtfahrten, die nicht selten länger als 12 Stunden dauern. In anderen Sprachen English Nederlands Links bearbeiten. Ebenso bildet er oft die einzige Verbindung zwischen den Staaten Südamerikas. Durch die Ankunft der spanischen Eroberer wurde dem ein jähes Ende gesetzt. Somit überwiegt der Anteil der Mestizo , der Mulatten und Zambos. Zweite landesweite Liga ist die Tweede Divisie. Zu Einzelheiten siehe Physische Geographie Südamerikas. Heute starten wir sehr früh: Neben seiner Hauptstadt Lima besticht Peru vor allem durch seine atemberaubende Landschaft. Die südlichen Randtropen sind somit durch Süd- Sommerniederschlag geprägt. La Paz und ein 90 Tage dauerndes Touristenvisum ist hier ebenfalls die Regel.

Südamerikanischen -

Beide Seiten hatten jedoch nicht vor, den Vertrag zu erfüllen, sondern nutzten ihn lediglich als Atempause. Dieser wurde gegründet und umfasst ca. Der Karibikstaat Venezuela trumpft mit seinen wunderbaren Traumstränden auf und rühmt sich den höchsten Wasserfall der Welt, den Salto Angel , auf seinem Territorium zu wissen. Der Bergbau spielte schon in vielen vorkolonialen Kulturen Südamerikas eine bedeutende Rolle. Jedes Cookie wie z. Der Dachverband Surinaamse Voetbal Bond wurde gegründet. Die Www parship login durch das bolivianische Hochland wird durch ganz ausserordentliche Landschaftsbilder geprägt: Zum Teil werden auch internationale Linien angeboten, aber in der Regel muss book of ra spielgeld casino der Grenze das Fahrzeug gewechselt werden. Für den Köln bochum besitzt der Schienenverkehr nur eine untergeordnete Bedeutung, häufig im Vorortverkehr. August um Der Unabhängigkeitserklärung Venezuelas waren nämlich nicht alle Provinzen gefolgt, so hatten unter anderem CoroMaracaibo und Guayana ihre Gefolgschaft verweigert sofotüberweisung organisierten einen royalistischen Gegenangriff. Die Galapagos Inseln, ein wahres Tierparadies, welches mit einer Kreuzfahrt erkundet werden kann. Jedes Cookie wie z. Die Recopa Sudamericana ist der südamerikanische Supercup für Clubmannschaften. Keine Beiträge mehr verpassen? Sie starten in casino uniklinikum regensburg Wüstengebieten Nordchiles, reisen quer durch Bolivien und entdecken am Schluss einige der schönsten Regionen Brasiliens. Schon die Anfahrt ist spektakulär. Bekannte Sehenswürdigkeiten in Kolumbien lassen das Reiseherz höher schlagen, wie das Beste Spielothek in Gebstedt finden Cartagena, die karibischen Strände, das Europa league tipps vorhersagen der Anden, die archäologischen Highlights bei San Agustin, das Tiefland des Amazonas Antworten dazu findet man hier: November bei Babahoyo einen tägigen Waffenstillstand unterzeichneten. In Kolumbien können Touristen ein Visum von bis zu Tagen beantragen. Dieser Artikel oder nachfolgende Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen beispielsweise Einzelnachweisen ausgestattet. Krieg, Streik, innere Unruhen, Epidemien, Naturkatastrophen. Genuss und Erholung inmitten reizvoller Natur. Noch nie gewann eine peruanische Mannschaft die Copa Libertadores. Asiatische Küche in ihrer reichen Vielfalt geniessen. Weitere Informationen dazu auf Online spielotheken. The disappearance in December of two French nuns and several founders of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo gained international attention. A Colombian paramilitary organization known as Alianza Americana Anticomunista may have cooperated with Operation Condor. The declassified record shows that Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was briefed on Condor and its "murder operations" on August 5,in a page report from [Harry] Shlaudeman [Assistant Secretary of State]. Le Loire wanted to question the statesman as a witness regarding alleged U. Whether if we had gone in, we might have prevented this, I don't know", he stated in reference to the Letelier-Moffitt bombing. There they kidnapped Universindo Rodriguez and Lilian Celiberti, an activist Uruguayan couple of the political opposition, along with her two children, Camilo and Francesca, five and three years old. DINA civil agent Enrique Arancibia Clavel, who was prosecuted in Argentina for crimes against humanity inwas sentenced to life imprisonment for his part in the murder of Klitschko rtl boxen live Prats. The Trial südamerikanischen the Juntas convicted top officers who ran the military Beste Spielothek in Wertheim finden for acts of state terrorism. In DecemberBeste Spielothek in Noggels finden Letelier, the son of Orlando Letelier, wrote in an OpEd column in the Los Angeles Times that his father's assassination was part of Operation Condor, which he described as "an intelligence-sharing Lifestyle | Euro Palace Casino Blog - Part 72 used by six South American dictators of that era to eliminate dissidents. Travel Passport to inspiration. The intelligence services were aware that it was security cooperation among several South American countries' intelligence services such as Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Bolivia with Chile as the epicenter of the operation. Retrieved 27 May He used Argentinian, Uruguayan, Paraguayan südamerikanischen Brazilian passports, raising concerns that Operation Condor was not dead. The Paraguayan Banana Jones Slot - Try your Luck on this Casino Game include official requests to track suspects to and from the U.

In a report to Kissinger, Harry Shlaudeman stated that Paraguay was in a militaristic state that was described as a "nineteenth-century military regime that looks good on the carton page," meaning that their style of rule was old and was not up to modern standards.

Shlaudeman claims that they had some good reasons and had no reason to change their ways. The reasons were backed by their history of the Triple Aliance War, where they were attacked on all sides by three of their neighbors who were all technologically advanced.

Their fear of being overpowered again kept them grounded in the past, unwilling to change in their fight against the leftists.

Cases of repression in the country against German, Spanish, Peruvian, and Jewish people were also reported. According to reports in , resulting from trials of top officials in Argentina, Operation Condor was at its peak in when Chilean exiles in Argentina were threatened; many went underground or into exile again in other countries.

Cuban diplomats were assassinated in Buenos Aires in the Automotores Orletti torture center, one of the clandestine prisons of the dictatorship.

Automotores Orletti was the main base of foreign intelligence services involved in Operation Condor. The year-old daughter-in-law of poet Juan Gelman was tortured here along with her husband, before being transported to a Montevideo prison.

There she delivered a baby which was immediately stolen by Uruguayan military officers and placed for illegal adoption with friends of the regime.

They were interrogated by a man who had travelled from Miami to interrogate them. These were the car models used by the security forces during the dictatorship.

They had travelled from Chile to Argentina on 11 August and "cooperated in the torture and assassination of the two Cuban diplomats. Operation Condor also had the covert support of the US government.

Washington provided Condor with military intelligence and training, financial assistance, advanced computers, sophisticated tracking technology, and access to the continental telecommunications system housed in the Panama Canal Zone.

Although the United States was not a member of the Condor consortium, documentation shows that the United States provided key organizational, financial and technical assistance to the operation into the s.

In a CIA monthly report dated July entitled the "Third World War and South America," the long-term dangers of a right-wing bloc and their initial policy recommendations were considered.

It was the assumption of the CIA's report that the countries in the Southern Cone felt "embattled" by the creeping influence of communism, trapped on either side by "international Marxism and its terrorist exponents," and on the other by "the hostility of uncomprehending industrial democracies misled by the Marxist propaganda.

Additionally, as of a September , the Defense Intelligence Agency reported that US intelligence services were quite aware of the infrastructure and goals of Operation Condor.

They realized that "Operation Condor" was the code name given for intelligence collection on "leftists," Communists, and Marxists in the Southern Cone Area.

The intelligence services were aware that it was security cooperation among several South American countries' intelligence services such as Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Bolivia with Chile as the epicenter of the operation.

The DIA noted that Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile were already fervently conducting operations, mainly in Argentina, against leftist "terrorist" targets.

The report also noted that a large volume of U. Perhaps the most intriguing aspect is the third point of the report, which demonstrates the United States' understanding of Operation Condor's more nefarious operations.

The report notes, "the formation of special teams from member countries who are to carry out operations to include assassinations against terrorist or supporters of terrorist organizations.

The Paraguayan Archives include official requests to track suspects to and from the U. The CIA provided lists of suspects and other intelligence information to the military states.

In a February telecom from the embassy in Buenos Aires to the State Department, intelligence noted the United States possessed awareness of the coming Argentinian coup.

The ambassador wrote that the Chief of the North American desk of the Foreign Ministry revealed that he had been asked by the "Military Planning Group" to prepare a report and recommendations for how the "future military government can avoid or minimize the sort of problems the Chilean and Uruguayan governments are having with the US over human rights issue.

This being true, the ambassador explains the military coup will "intend to carry forward an all-out war on the terrorists and that some executions would therefore probably be necessary.

The last comment confirms this: Regarding the ongoing human rights abuses by the Argentine junta, professor Ruth Blakeley writes that Kissinger "explicitly expressed his support for the repression of political opponents.

Look, our basic attitude is that we would like you to succeed. I have an old-fashioned view that friends ought to be supported.

What is not understood in the United States is that you have a civil war. We read about human rights problems but not the context.

The quicker you succeed the better… The human rights problem is a growing one. Your Ambassador can apprise you.

We want a stable situation. We won't cause you unnecessary difficulties. If you can finish before Congress gets back, the better. Whatever freedoms you could restore would help.

Ultimately, the demarche was never delivered. Kornbluh and Dinges suggest that the decision not to send Kissinger's order was due to Assistant Secretary Harry Shlaudeman's sending a cable to his deputy in D.

C which states "you can simply instruct the Ambassadors to take no further action, noting that there have been no reports in some weeks indicating an intention to activate the Condor scheme.

Patrice McSherry adds, "According to [U. Ambassador to Paraguay Robert] White, instructions from a secretary of state cannot be ignored unless there is a countermanding order received via a secret CIA backchannel.

Derian , the Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs from to , said of Kissinger's role in giving the green light to the junta's repression: In June , by order of President Bill Clinton , the State Department released thousands of declassified documents [] revealing for the first time that the CIA and the State and Defense Departments were intimately aware of Condor.

The same report described Condor's "joint counterinsurgency operations" that aimed to "eliminate Marxist terrorist activities"; Argentina, it noted, created a special Condor team "structured much like a U.

The declassified record shows that Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was briefed on Condor and its "murder operations" on August 5, , in a page report from [Harry] Shlaudeman [Assistant Secretary of State].

It cannot do us any good. Over the course of three weeks, they drafted a cautiously worded demarche , approved by Kissinger, in which he instructed the U.

He instructed them to express "our deep concern" about "rumors" of "plans for the assassination of subversives, politicians and prominent figures both within the national borders of certain Southern Cone countries and abroad.

Kornbluh and Dinges conclude that "The paper trail is clear: Those steps were initiated but never implemented. Whether if we had gone in, we might have prevented this, I don't know", he stated in reference to the Letelier-Moffitt bombing.

The document was released in November by the Clinton administration under the Chile Declassification Project.

White reported a conversation with General Alejandro Fretes Davalos , chief of staff of Paraguay's armed forces, who informed him that the South American intelligence chiefs involved in Condor "[kept] in touch with one another through a U.

Davalos reportedly said that the installation was "employed to co-ordinate intelligence information among the southern cone countries".

White feared that the US connection to Condor might be publicly revealed at a time when the assassination in the U. White cabled Vance that "it would seem advisable to review this arrangement to insure that its continuation is in US interest.

Patrice McSherry describes such cables as "another piece of increasingly weighty evidence suggesting that U. Embassy contact that the CIA was privy to Condor and had played a key role in setting up computerized links among the intelligence and operations units of the six Condor states.

Henry Kissinger , Secretary of State in the Nixon and Ford administrations, was closely involved diplomatically with the Southern Cone governments at the time and well aware of the Condor plan.

Le Loire wanted to question the statesman as a witness regarding alleged U. Kissinger left Paris that evening, and Loire's inquiries were directed to the U.

His execution by the Chilean military after the coup was dramatized in the Costa-Gavras film, Missing. The judge's questions were relayed to Kissinger via diplomatic routes but were not answered.

On 16 February , a request for the extradition of Kissinger was filed at the Supreme Court of Uruguay on behalf of Bernardo Arnone , a political activist who was kidnapped, tortured and disappeared by the dictatorial regime in The editors of the New York Times defended Henry Kissinger, arguing that he should be given a pass for his role in Condor and other dirty works because "the world was polarised, and fighting communism involved hard choices and messy compromises".

French journalist Marie-Monique Robin found in the archives of the Quai d'Orsay , the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs , the original document proving that a agreement between Paris and Buenos Aires set up a "permanent French military mission" of officers to Argentina who had fought in the Algerian War.

During the Battle of Algiers , police forces were put under the authority of the French Army, and in particular of the paratroopers.

They systematically used torture during interrogations and also began to "disappear" suspects, as part of a program of intimidation. Reynaldo Bignone , named President of the Argentinian junta in July , said, "The March order of battle is a copy of the Algerian battle.

The only newspaper to report this was Le Monde. The government's report in December was described by Robin as being in the utmost bad faith. It claimed that no agreement had ever been signed on this issue between France and Argentina.

When French Minister of Foreign Affairs Dominique de Villepin traveled to Chile in February , he claimed that there had been no cooperation between France and the military regimes.

Robin said that she was shocked to learn that the French intelligence agency Direction de surveillance du territoire DST communicated to the DINA the names of refugees who returned to Chile Operation Retorno , all of whom were killed.

I was very shocked by the duplicity of the French diplomatic position which, at the same time received political refugees with open arms, and collaborated with the dictatorships.

Robin says that this Catholic fundamentalist current in the Argentine Army contributed to the importance and duration of Franco-Argentine cooperation.

Pius X in He was excommunicated in A French priest there said to Marie-Monique Robin: Bruno Genta and Juan Carlos Goyeneche represent this ideology.

Perseval, who lives today in Thailand, denied any links with the abduction. The Trial of the Juntas convicted top officers who ran the military governments for acts of state terrorism.

The amnesty laws Ley de Obediencia Debida and Ley de Punto Final of — stopped the trials until , when the Congress repealed them, and in the Argentine Supreme Court ruled they were unconstitutional.

Most of the Junta's members are actually in prison for genocide and crimes against humanity. Iturriaga was also wanted in Argentina for the assassination of General Prats.

It is sad to say that two of the pillars of the Condor Operation, Alfredo Stroessner and Augusto Pinochet, never paid for their crimes and died without ever answering charges about the "disappeared" — who continue to haunt the memory of people who had been crushed by fascist brutality.

In , Bordaberry was convicted of violating the constitution, nine counts of "forced disappearance" and two counts of political homicide and sentenced to 30 years.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Operation Condor disambiguation. School of the Americas SOA. Argentine Anticommunist Alliance "Triple A".

Full stop Due Obedience. Human rights violations in Pinochet's Chile. Assassination of Orlando Letelier. Secretary of State, 5 October record of conversation [] [].

In Esparza, Marcia; Henry R. State Violence and Genocide in Latin America: The Last Colonial Massacre: Latin America in the Cold War.

University of Chicago Press. The Myth of American Diplomacy: You can complete the translation of südamerikanischen Ländern given by the German-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Fleisch von geimpften Tieren, die in bestimmten südamerikanischen Ländern aufgezogen und geschlachtet wurden, werden auf dem europäischen Markt ohne irgendwelche Probleme bezüglich dieser Aspekte verkauft.

Meat derived from vaccinated animals raised and slaughtered in certain South American countries is sold on the European market without encountering any problems relating to these aspects.

Bei dieser Aktion geht es um die illegale Einwanderung aus südamerikanischen Ländern , deren Staatsbürger für die Einreise in die EU-Mitgliedstaaten kein Visum benötigen.

Operation Amazon is an operation dealing with illegal immigration from South American countries whose citizens are not required to have a visa to enter EU Member States.

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